A brief out line of basketball is it is a game played with a pumped round ball
between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court. In professional
or minor competition basketball is usually played indoors, but it does not need
to be. Each team tries to score by shooting the ball through the other teams
goal at each end of the court, above their heads. The goal is a round hoop and
net called a basket. The team scoring the most such throws, through field goals
or foul shots, wins the game. Equipment used You do not need a lot of equipment
to play basketball all you need is a basketball, a court and one or two
basketball rings. The basketball court is in a shape of a rectangle ranging in
size from about 29 m by 15 m to about 22 m by 13 m. At each end of the court is
a backboard placed behind the ring, measuring usually about 2 m by 1 m, this is
also in a rectangular shape although in some collages in America it is more in a
shape of this. Each normal rectangular backboard is about 2.7 m (about 9 ft)
above the court. The baskets are attached firmly to the backboards about 3 m
(about 10 ft) above the playing surface. Each basket is about 46 cm (about 18
in) in diameter and consists of a round hoop, or metal ring, from which a
wide-meshed white net is hung. The regulation basketball is an inflated,
leather- or nylon-covered sphere that weighs from 567 to 624 g (20 to 22 oz.)
and has a circumference of about 76-cm (about 30 in). What is involved A
conventional basketball team, which is directed by a coach, is made up of two
forwards, two guards, and a center. The two forwards are usually the better of
the shooters and are really quick. In the jump they both stand between the
circle and the opponents basket. The two guards stand in the backcourt. The
center, usually the tallest player on the team who stands inside a circle that
has a radius of about 61 cm (about 24 in) and is located midway along a line
painted across the center of the court. The game commences with the tip-off,
when the referee tosses the ball into the air over the center circle, in which
the opposing centers stand face to face. The centers then leap into the air and
attempt, with their hands, to tap the ball to their teammates. The team that
gets the ball attempts to advance it toward the basket defended by the opposing
side, in order to try for a field goal, or basket, scoring two or three points,
depending on the player's distance from the basket. A player may advance the
ball by passing it to a teammate or by bouncing (dribbling) it continually along
the floor while running toward the basket. After a basket is scored, the
opposing team puts the ball into play from behind its end line and in turn tries
to move the ball upcourt to score. How is the game structured in the Olympics In
the Olympics basketball the Officials consist of a referee, one or two umpires,
one or two scorekeepers, and one or two timekeepers. The referee is in charge of
the game. The referee and umpires operate on the court to ensure that the game
is played by the rules. They both can call any foul or violation they see
anywhere on the court. Usually, one official operates near the offensive team's
basket and the other near the division line. The officials reverse positions
when the teams move to the other end of the court. If a second umpire is used,
he or she stands near a sideline. To call a violation or foul, the official
blows a whistle to stop play and the clock. The official explains the violation
or foul, usually with a hand or arm signal, and enforces the penalty. The game
then resumes. Because around the world basketball has little changes from one
country to the other when the Olympics are played some one has to make the
decisions on how it is going to be played. No matter how the rules are decided
it would not be much of a change from where ever the basketball players have
come from to make it difficult to play. In the Olympics the games is set out as
one big knock out game to decide who plays in the finals to become number one in
the world. All the teams have to try not to get kicked out by loosing games
while trying to knock the other teams out of the competition. Which leaves the
basketball players with an enormous amount of pressure on them. Basic Rules The
basic rules to basketball are fouls, travelling, double dribbling, the three
second violation, foot violation and finally out of bounds. To get a foul in
basketball you are usually hit or pushed in some way by the opposing side. To
travell in basketball you will either take to many steps before bouncing the
ball, or after bouncing and stopping you start to bounce the ball again. To
double dribble you must jump in the air with the ball in your hands and land
again with out passing or shooting the ball. Someone playing offence and staying
in the key for longer than three seconds or more causes the three-second
violation. Foot violation in exactly what it sounds like, it is a violation made
by someone kicking the ball. Last but not least is going over the boundary line
with the ball. All of these things are not allowed in basketball and I should
know as I play in real competition. For almost all off the rules the referees
have made some kind of body signal to tell everyone what just happened with out
yelling it so everyone can hear. Below you can see some of the following signs
the referees make. When it began in the Olympics The success of international
basketball was greatly advanced by Forrest C. Allen, a Naismith disciple and a
former coach at the University of Kansas, who led the movement for inclusion of
basketball in the Olympic Games in 1936 and from then onwards. Details of any
Australians who has competed at the Olympics in this event One Australian
basketball player who has not only participated in one Olympics is Andrew Gaze.


Andrew Gaze has played with the Melbourne Tigers for his whole carrier in the
National Basketball League the NBL. At one stage of his long and successful
carrier he decided to up grade him self by competing in the National Basketball
Association the NBA. This did not really work out for him so he came back to
Australia and continued playing with the Melbourne Tigers. To say the most I
think a lot of his fans and also his team preferred it this way. Andrew Gaze is
more of a offensive player as he is known for his pure shooting skills as his
was voted best pure shooter in 1994 yet did not get a single vote for his
defense. Changes that have occurred over time Changes in the Game. Soon after
Naismith invented basketball, changes were adopted to improve the sport. In
1893, metal hoops with net bags attached replaced the wooden baskets. Officials
pulled a cord attached to the net to let the ball drop out. Baskets with
bottomless nets came into general use about 1913. The backboard was introduced
in 1894. That year, larger balls replaced soccer balls. In 1932, the 10-second
rule was adopted. This rule stated that the offensive team must advance the ball
across the division line within 10 seconds or lose possession. Once the ball
crossed the line, the offensive team lost possession if a player took the ball
back over the line. This rule eliminated wasting time with the ball in the
backcourt. Until 1937, a center jump was held after every field goal. Beginning
in 1937, the defensive team received the ball out-of-bounds after a field goal.

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In 1935, a rule was adopted that stopped any offensive player from standing in
the free throw lane for more than three seconds. In 1955, the foul lane was
widened to 12 feet (3.7 meters) from the previous 6 feet (1.83 meters). These
changes resulted in more offensive movement and less rough physical contact near
the basket. Early basketball had little scoring. Players basically used two
shots; the lay-up and a two-handed set shot. Hank Luisetti revolutionized the
game by popularizing a one-handed shot. Luisetti was a star for Stanford
University from 1935 to 1938. His one-handed shot could be released quicker than
the two-handed shot and was more difficult to defend. The one-handed shot was
the most popular shot in basketball until Joe Fulks popularized the jump shot.


The jump shot became the most popular shot in basketball and greatly increased
scoring. Any other interesting facts James Naismith, a Canadian, invented
basketball in 1891. Naismith was a physical-education instructor at the School
for Christian Workers (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts.


Luther H. Gulick, head of the school's physical-education department, asked
Naismith to create a team sport that could be played indoors during the winter.


For his new game, Naismith decided to use a soccer ball because it was large
enough to catch easily. He then asked the building superintendent for two boxes
to use as goals. The superintendent had no boxes but provided two peach baskets.


The baskets were attached to a gymnasium balcony railing 10 feet (3 meters)
above the floor. The first game took place between members of Naismith's
physical-education class in December 1891. Details of successful international
competitors The most successful international competitors these days and for the
last so many years is the American basketball team and for the last three
Olympics known as the Dream Team. The American team is not only the best in the
world it also the most popular as it is known right round the world. The reason
for winning basketball in the Olympic game is because of the great players like
Michael Jordan, Karl Malone, Magic Johnson, Larry Bird, John Stockton, Scottie
Pippen, Hakeem Olajuwon, Charles Barkley, David Robinson and so many more what
do you expect. Another country that always does well in the Olympics is
Yugoslavia. Just the last Olympics they came second in the world loosing against
America. Yugoslavia might have a little bit more experience then some other
countries lets say us, because players like Toni Kukoc have played for the NBA
with the Chicago Bulls for some of his carrier and been able to go no and have
great success. If it weren't for Americas team, Yugoslavia would be the best
team in the world now until proven different. Details of any Olympic record
holders or current Gold medallists Unlike swimming or running basketball is not
a sport that tries to break records, as its only objective is to win the finals.


The only true record holders could be America as they have won in the Olympics
in a row for the longest time ever. Longer then any other country has yet
proven. To tell you the truth I don't think any one will ever either.