icaBulimia and anorexia is a growing epidemic in America. Bulimia and Anorexia can start at any age, but is most common between the ages of 11-17 years old. Of all the individuals that experience this illness only 50% of all of them are ever cured, and another 6% that suffer from this horrible illness will experience death. This illness has become very deadly to our young adults.
Bulimia and anorexia can cause a distorted image in a persons mind because they truly believe they are overweight. In their minds they are beyond doubt obese. Even if the person weighs only 95 pounds. This sickness has the person thinking they are overweight. This could bring about a severe bout of depression. Once the person hits the stage of depression professional help is needs because the feeling of being overweight and depression could put the individual over the edge.
Individual experiencing Bulimia go on what is called eating binges. Eating binges are when people eat longer amounts of food in less then two hours. (Internet3) Then after they binge they feel guilt or shame so they need to undo their behavior. To undo their behavior they make themselves vomit, or they take laxatives, water pills or starve themselves. (Cauwel21) Binge and poring usually occurs more than two times a week for at least three months. (Internet1)
What cause bulimia and anorexia? It can be brought on by stress or depression, but most often dieting causes it. (Erichsen 12) Stressful situations such as death can bring about bulimia and anorexia. Also many young adults frequently experience sessions of depression for various circumstances during their adolescent's years. But, again most of the time bulimia and anorexia is trigger by dieting. (Moe 21) Many psychological factors play a big role in the cause of bulimia and anorexia. People that have a fear of growing up sometimes have incidents with anorexia because they think that if they stop eating they want get older or bigger. (Erichsen15)
People need to take control of themselves if they are anorexia or bulimia because they can control how much they eat or if they want to eat.
(internet1) If a person feels out of control because of difficulties at home they should control what they eat or if they are going to eat.
The people that suppress anger need to release it and get it out.
If there is a major life change, such as divorce, family problems, loss of relationship, or if they move to a new place.(internet2) They to make sure they are in control of themselves. They need to make sure that they eat and decide how much to eat so that they will not become an easy target to fall in the same old trap.
Some of the symptoms for anorexia and bulimia are not very noticeable. A signs of this behavioral is a person's refusal to eat, or the person being very picky about what they eat. The
Also another symptom could be if the person is on a continuous diet and exercise all the time. (Erichsen) In addition if the person is sensitive to the cold weather or cold items this could be a sign too. People that have fear of gaining weight or becoming fat can as well become sufferers of this illness. The person that eats a lot of food, but their weight still stays the same can experience this problem. If a person goes to the bathroom after meals this could be a problem. If there are signs of vomiting or a smell of vomiting.(internet3)
Many girls worry about their bodyweight, but that does not mean
that they are anorexia or bulimia. Some of the boys and girls that have this illness can look in a mirror and see themselves as fat, but the real picture is that they are as thin as a sheet of paper. (Moe15) Some girls become anorexia so they can lose their menstruation cycle.(Moe10) This allows them to experience swelling of the lower legs and feet, or loss of sensation in the hands or feet due to dehydration.
There are a lot of medical complications that go a long with this illness.
The illness can make people feel dull and out of energy. Sometimes people cannot concentrate or focus on anything. Others have a very difficult time controlling their moods. Their heart beat is slower and they have an irregular pulse then most people their age.(internet1) Their low blood may even lead to them fainting or getting dizzy. They get out of breath faster than people their age and, they may experience chest pains. There is swelling in the cheek and jaw area. They can experience broken blood vessels in eyes, and discoloration, staining or deterioration of tooth enamel. They usually withdraw from their friends and activities. (internet3)
Treatment for this illness is very expensive. The patient may need to be hospitalization for an extensive period of time. The patients need medical monitoring and therapy for more then two years. The cost for inpatient care is around $30K or more a month.
The cost for outpatient treatment is usually less expensive for a month of treatment than inpatient care. (internet1) The goal of treatment for bulimia is to identify the triggers for binging and purging behavior. Challenging the weight and body image beliefs of the patients is also part of the treatment. Improving self-esteem and ability to communicate needs and feelings may be the key to the treatment. Each case is different, so the course of treatment for each patient is different but the guideline for case is the same. Anorexia patients mostly start off with small amounts of nutritious and easily digestible foods such as eggs, custards, soups, and milkshakes are usually what they eat the first days. People that have anorexia extra calcium and multivitamins pills to help with the large loss the body has sustained. (internet2)
Bulimia and anorexia causes a distorted image in a persons mind, this is because they believe they are overweight. Depression is usually one of the first symptoms. Many people have suffered from this illness or still are suffering. Bulimia and anorexia could happen to a person at any age, but is most common in teenagers because of the problems young adults experience during. Most of the time it is trigger by dieting, but no matter how it is triggered it is a very dangerous illness.
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